Official documents and doctine from selected nations, and the UN, and media search engines.



Doctrine (National Defence)
2002  "Peace Support Operations," Joint Doctrine Manual B-GJ-005-307/FP-030, 6 Nov 2002 (pdf: enfr)
2007  "Peace Support Operations Field Handbook," B-GG-007-001-FP-001, 2008 (pdf)

Mandate Letters (Trudeau government)
2017  Minister of Foreign Affairs
2015  Minsiter of National Defence 

White Papers on Defence
2017  Strong, Secure, Engaged: Canada's Defence Policy (DND pdf)
2008  Canada First Defence Strategy  (pdf)
2005  A Role of Pride and Influence in the World: Defence  ("Defence Policy Statement") (pdf)
1994  Defence White Paper  (pdf, without images)
1992  Canadian Defence Policy 
1987  Challenge and Commitment: A Defence Policy for Canada  (pdf)
1971  White Paper on Defence  (pdf)
1964  White Paper on Defence  (pdf)

       See also Defence Policy Archives at

White Papers on Foreign Affairs 
2010   Canada's Cyber Security Strategy (html) (pdf, 330 KB)
2005   A Role of Pride and Influence in the World: Diplomacy (pdf) (see below for all components of International Policy Statement)
2004   Canada's National Security Policy (pdf)
1995  Canada in the World: Government Statement (html) (pdf, 236 KB)
1970  Foreign Policy for Canadians (pdf, 4 MB)
1968  Federalism and International Relations (pdf, 4 MB)

Senate Committee Reports (on peacekeeping):
2016    UN Deployment: Prioritizing Commitments at Home and Abroad (pdf: en, 6.4 MB, fr, 2.4 MB)
2000    The New NATO and the Evolution of Peacekeeping: Implications for Canada (html: en, fr)
1993    Meeting New Challenges: Canada's response to a New Generation of Peacekeeping (report of the Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs)

Somalia Inquiry report (1997): 
Exec summary (pdf) (gc pdf, 43 MB); Vol 1 (pdf, 69 MB) (gc pdf, 206 MB); Vol 2 (pdf, 68 MB) (gc pdf, 206 MB); Vol 3 (pdf, 48 MB) (gc pdf,150 MB); Vol 4 (pdf,19 MB) (gc pdf, 46 MB); Vol 5 (pdf, 91 MB) (gc pdf, 280 MB).  No covers (Queens Univ., under 2 MB): Exec Summary (pdf), Vol.1-4. Training study (LaRose-Edwards et al., full report: pdf, 8 MB; recommendations only: pdf, 400K)

International Policy Statement (2005):
(pdf, 1.2MB), Defence (pdf, 1.0 MB), Development (pdf, 1.4MB), Diplomacy (pdf, 860 KB). Former government site links: Overview, Diplomacy, Defence, Development. ("no longer available online" 2012)

Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, 2001. (pdfSupplementary volume (Research, Bibliography and Background), 2001. (pdf)



"Glossary of Terms and Definitions," AAP-06, 2017 (pdf, 2.7 MB)
"Military Contributions to Peace Support," AJP 3.4.1, EDA V1 E, 2014 (pdf, 412 KB)
"Military Support to Stabilization and Reconstruction," AJP 3.4.5, 2015 (pdf, 1.2 MB)
“Peace Support Operations Techniques and Procedures,” ATP-, August 2001 (pdf, 1 MB)


NEWS MEDIA (Newspapers)

Archival searches of:
   Globe and Mail:
   New York Times:
   Toronto Star:



Charter of the United Nations, html on UN website (by chapter); on this site as html and as pdf and in French (pdf)
     * League of Nations Covenant and UN Charter comparison section-by section  (pdf)
Cuban Missile Crisis primary documents:
(Official Document System), advanced search:
Peacekeeping operations
(past and present), statistics, mission histories: Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council.
Photo Library and UN Multimedia
Refworld documents by type (e.g., maps, mission reports, searchable GA/SC resolutions)
UN News
WebTV (UN), including "Live Now" and "Security Council Media Stakeout"

Doctrine and Reports
Agenda for Peace ("An Agenda for Peace: Preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peace-keeping") 1992 (pdf-doc-scan) (pdf-clean), Supplement (1995)(pdf)
Brahimi Report  ("Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations"), UN Doc. A/55/305 and S/2000/809, 21 August 2000 (pdf, 560 KB) (UN pdf/Word)
Cammaert Report ("Executive Summary of the Independent Special Investigation into the violence which occurred in Juba in 2016 and UNMISS response"), (pdf, 300 KB)
COE Manual ("Contingent-Owned Equipment Manual"), UN Doc A/72/288, 4 August 2017  (pdf, 2.7 MB)
"Core Pre-deployment Training Materials for United Nations Peacekeeping Operations" (CPTM 2017), UN, 2017 (web)
Cruz Rerport ("Improving Security of United Nations Peacekeepers: We need to change the way we are doing business"), 2017 
(pdf, 2.3 MB) (UN site pdf)
Kigali Principles ("The Kigali Principles on the Protection of Civilians") (pdf, 62 KB)
Model Status of Forces Agreement," UN Doc. A/45/594, 9 October 1990 (pdf, 724 KB)
New Horizon paper (A New Partnership Agenda: Charting a New Horizon for UN Peacekeeping), Department of Peacekeeping Operations and Department of Field Support, 2009
Peacekeeping Principles and Guidelines, ("United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Principles and Guidelines," aka "Capstone doctrine") United Nations, 2008. (pdf, 450 KB, fr: pdf, 529 KB)
HIPPO Report ("Report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations on uniting our strengths for peace: politics, partnership and people"), UN Doc. A/70/95 -- S/2015/446, 17 June 2015. (pdf, 1.1 MB; UN pdf)
SG Bulletin on IHL Observance ("Secretary-General's Bulletin: Observance by United Nations Forces of International Humanitarian Law"), ST/SGB/1999/13, 12 August 1999 (pdf, 56 KB)
Technology Panel Report, ("Performance Peacekeeping: Final Report of the Expert Panel on Technology and Innovation in UN Peacekeeping"), February 2015  (pdf, 11 MB)

Security Council
Meeting records
(including Proces Verbal)
Provisional Rules of Procedure (also available on the current site here). Français: Règlement intérieur provisoire du Conseil de sécurité (aussi disponible sur ce cite Web ici (pdf))
Resolutions: (no search function); wikipedia (summaries and votes); Refworld: Resolutions (searchable)
Refworld: Presidential statements
Search docs with ODS: (full text) search by adding symbol S/ or (for resolutions) S/RES
Security Council website



Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) Guidance for 2011. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, 2011. United States. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Defense Strategic Guidance (Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense). Department of Defense, January 2012.

Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. Library of Congress. 99th Congress. Public Law 99-433. 1986.

National Military Strategy of the United States of America: Redefining America's Military Leadership. United States. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, February 2011.

National Security Strategy of the United States. United States. The Office of the President. Washington, DC: The White House, May 2010.

National Security Act of 1947 (as amended). Title 50 US Code, Sections 401-442a. 2010 ed.  (Cornell University Law School)

Quadrennial Defense Review Report. United States. The Office of the Secretary of Defense. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, 12 February 2010.

Technology Source Book: Enabling Technologies for UN Peacekeeping Operations, Department of Defence, Washington, DC., 2015. (pdf)

War Powers Resolution. Library of Congress. 93rd Congress. Public Law 93-148. 1973.

United States Army and Marines, Insurgencies and Countering Insurgencies, Field Manual FM 3-24, May 2014. (5.8 MB)  (excerpt on COIN Paradoxes, 3.8 MB) (for latest, see below under US, Joint Chiefs)

United States, Joint Chiefs of Staff, "Joint Doctrine home,"

United States, Joint Chiefs, "Counterinsurgency," Joint Field Manual JP 3-24, 25 April 2018. (pdf, 2.3 MB)

United States, Joint Chiefs, "Peace Operations," Joint Publication 3-07.3, 1 March 2018 (pdf, PKSOI) (old version: 17 October 2007, pdf

United States, "Multi-Service Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Conducting Peace Operations," FM 3-07.31, 1 April 2009 (pdf, 3.3 MB)(pdf: FAS, 4.2 MB)

United States, Joint Chiefs, "Stability," Joint Publication JP 3-07, 3 August 2016 (pdf, 3.2 MB)(JCSpdf(previous version: Stability Operations, 29 September 2011).

United States, Joint Chiefs, "Cyberspace Operations," Joint Publication JP 3-12, 5 February 2013. (JCSpdf)




United Kingdom, "Security and Stabilitization: The Military Contribution," Joint Doctrine Pub 3-40, 2009. 


Google Searches: Useful Operators

Include the following operators (examples given) along with your search terms to make Google searching more focused and effective:

allinurl: google faq – find website associated with that name (example yields

define: life – dictionary definition of word "life"

filetype:ppt – find PPT on your topic (also find doc, pdf, xls). [Short form: ext:] – shows information about home page. (Can help to check authenticity of websites) – a useful way to search sites and entire domains (.gov, .ca), often better than the search engines provided with the site (e.g., (note: omit the www at the front end of URLs)


-"not this expression" – makes sure the expression is not included in the search e.g., Terminator -3

+2 – the + makes sure the term is included

For more options, see

Within Google News, you can specify the news source, e.g., source:new_york_times